geographic situation, Qazvin province, as a bridge, connects the
capital of the country to the northern and western regions and
European and Caucasian countries as well. While this province is
developed from agricultural point of view, it has become one of
the important focal point for development of the country due to
its suitable condition.
Qazvin province was separated from Tehran province in 1996 as a
new province in divisions of the country. Qazvin and Takestan
townships constitute the administrative and political limits of
The population of Qazvin province was 968,257 in 1996, out of
which 57.11% were urban dwellers and 42.89% were lived in rural
areas. The sex ratio of the province is 101.
From geographical setting point of view, Qazvin province is
divided into two mountainous and plain sections. The mountainous
part is situated in the northern part of the province which
includes the southern part of Alborz Mountain Range. The Alborz
valleys extend southward as well.
The climate of the province is cold in the north and moderate in
the south. Generally, winters are cold and snowy in the north with
moderate summers, but in plain areas winters are relatively cold
and summers are relatively warm.
The antiquity and historical records of the province dates back to
Median government in 9th century BC. In that time, Qazvin region
was the arena of invasions of different tribes and clans including
Tabarestan Dialameh tribes. In early Islamic period Qazvin was
settled by victorious Arab forces. In early Safavid time, Qazvin
was chosen as capital. Due to closeness to Tehran, Qazvin was one
of the important governmental centers in Ghajar time.