Qom

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Qom

 

The region now called Qom province, located to the south of Tehran, has been inhabited by man since pre-Islamic times. The foundation of the city of Qom, the provincial capital, is attributed to Bahram V called Gur (5th century) and also to Tahmures, the third king of the Pishdadian dynasty. After the defeat of the Sassanian dynasty by Muslim Arabs, the people living in this region converted to Islam. From then on the Islamic architecture, the elements of which are community
(jame') mosque, bazaar, gates and ramparts, began to develop in Qom. Due to the shrine of her holiness Ma'sumeh, the sister of Imam Reza, the eighth Imam of the Shiites, it is of great religious significance, attracting considerable numbers of pilgrims. The Shrine's large dome and lofty  minarets covered with beautiful tiles are magnificently impressive.
The Mosque of Jamkaran on the road connecting Qom to Kashan is of high prominence among the Shiites. Islamic institutes of higher education called madrasahs, specially the one called Hawzeh-e Elmiyyeh-e Qom in which Imam Khomeyni, the leader of the Islamic Revolution, and many other honourable Ayatollahs have educated and taught, give Qom a great prominence. This Madrasah had a major contribution to the Islamic Revolution. Sawhan, a kind of candy made of flour, honey and pistachios, produced in Qom is famous all over Iran.

 
 
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