an area of 16,532 square kilometers, the province of Chahar Mahal and
Bakhteyari is located in the center of the mountain chains of Zagros
and Iran. It is surrounded by two mountain chains of the interior
Zagros mountains and the province of Esfahan. It is formed of two main
regions, Chahar Mahal and Bakhteyari. It is consisted of five
districts, each is named by the name of its main town, which is its
administrative center. They are: Shahr-e-Kurd, Boroojen, Lurdekan,
Farsan and Ardal. Shahre Kurd is the administrative center of the
The population of the province in 1996 was 761,168 from which 45% were
registered as urban dwellers, 54.8% villagers and the remaining were
recorded as nomad tribes.
The province is located in the center of the Zagros mountain chain
which crosses the province north-west towards south-east . The highest
peak of the highland of the province is named Zard Kooh Bakhteyari
with 4,548 meters altitude, and the lowest point of the province is
located in the eastern part of Chahar Mahal. The highlands of this
province are the head springs of the largest rivers of Iran such as
Zayandeh Rood and Karron. The mountainous areas of the province are of
the permanent water supplier areas of the country and the peaks of the
province are covered with snow for all seasons of the year.
The province area consisted mainly of highlands, and most of its area
has more than 2,000 meters altitude. This turns the province to a very
cold region, especially in winter. Snow fall in this province starts
usually from the middle of the autumn, and it continues till the first
month of the spring. But there are some lowlands in which temperature
rise in summer to more than 40 C degree, and rain fall average is
consequently lower. The cold season usually starts from the mid-automn
and it lasts 4-5 months, in which January and February are the
The general average of the temperature in this province is +10.3C,
while the higher average is +35.2 C, and the lower average is - 15.6 C
degree. The annual rain fall average is 426 millimeters and the frost
days average is recorded at 127. While May- November is recorded as
dry season, the higher rate of rain and snow fall, as well as frost is
in the other season.
The history of the province of Chahar Mahal and Bakhteyari is mixed
with the the Bakhteyari tribe. There are a branch of the "Lur Bozorg"
which means the Grand Lur. The Bakhteyari tribe, itself is divided
into two main branches which are called "haft Lang" and "Chahar Lang".
The Bakhteyari tribe have two different, summer and winter
territories. The summer territory of the Chahar Lang branch is to the
north, while the summer territory of the Haft Lang is to the south.
Historically, the Bakhteyari territory was some times under the Fars
state, and some other times under the Khuzestan’s.
The nomad living style of the tribe of Bakhteyaris, did not left many
historical buildings or physical elements. But the beautiful nature of
the region and the many eco-tourism potentials of the province are
significant and unique, which attracts viewers. The magnificent and
beautiful marshlands, wonderful malls, green river sides, unique flora
lands, warm and mineral water spring, pleasant water falls, marvelous
highlands, snow view and tens of other natural elements which
increases the beauties of the environments of the province, and
provides facilities for tourism in summer as well as skiing and other
kinds of winter sports.
Culture and traditions in this province are interesting. The
magnificent views of the tribes moving Through the beautiful
landscapes of the marvelous mountains are pleasant. The For exampdes
local ceremonies as well as traditional and religious practices one
may find in The region are exceptionally attractive. Traditional
wading parties, are full of traditional and local songs and dances
which are valuable to attend. The traditional clothes of the women
with their happy colors, and the men’s clothes are full of life .
Following are some of the interesting characteristics of towns and
districts of the province.