Ganj Nameh (Hamadan)


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Hamadan's oldest Achaemenian rock carvings consistinof two huge inscribed panels (twenty lines) carved on two rock faces of some two min height are located 5 km west of the city on the slopes oMount Alvand. The site is known as Ganj Nameh (TreasBook, or Treasure Inventory), because for a long time it was believed that the lengthy cuneiform inscriptions contained a clue to the whereabouts of the fabulous treasures accumulated by the Medes and Achaemenians. In fact the Old Persian, Neo-Elamite, and Neo-Babylonian texts of the inscriptions belonging to Oarius I and Xerxes I, consist of a genealogical account of the Achaemenian monarchs and the adoration of Ahura Mazda, the Zoroastrian God, as well as their conquests. Almost at eye-Ievel, they are reached via abridge over a river lined with tea-houses. The texts are translated into Persian and English and posted on two billboards. The English translation. reads as follows:

'The Great God Ahura Mazda, greatest of all the gods, who created this earth and the sky and the people: who gave happiness to the people: who made Xerxes king; an outstanding king among many kings, an outstanding ruler among many rulers; I (am) the great king Xerxes, kingofkings, king of lands with numerous inhabitants, king of this vast kingdom with far away territories, son of the Achaemenian monarch Darius. "



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