Kangavar (Kermanshah)


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TEMPLE OF ANAHITA: This is one of the architectural monuments of ancient Iran, with its history going back to the Parthian period (200 BC), recently unearthed at Kangavar, 90 km to the east of Kermanshah, .and on Hamadan:. Kermanshah road.
The gathered as a result of excavations worship of Ani1l1ita -goddess of abundance and guardian of water in ancient Iran, and goddess of beauty and fecundity in some other countries -was broadly practiced during the Parthian period. However" nothing is said of her existence in numerous Achaemenian inscriptions. The cult of the goddess and the building of temples to her" continued during the Sassanian period. Despite historical references to the temple, its location and architectural decorations by few Muslim and Greek geographers and historians, the greatest Qulk of material evidence on the history of the temple and the cult has been carried out at the temple site on an outcroppipg rock.





The temple building is a rectangle with its facade to the south. The platform is higher than the ground by several steps, which have completely disappeared. A small mosque has been built to the west, and on the northwest of the temple is a lane along which the best preserved and the most important part of the building is to be seen. This part of the temple is placed on a beautiful foundation of white marble. At this point there are nine white marble columns built into the mud-brick walls of the houses providing a good support for the buildings of the villagers.
Walls, wide steps and marble columns, represent a combination of Irano-Greek architectural styles. Its fortifications have excited archaeologists, although there is no longer that much to see.


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