Atatürk Istanbul Airports &Terminals

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Istanbul has two international airports: The larger is Atatürk International, in Yeşilköy, 24 kilometers from the city center which used to be at the edge of the European part but is now inside the city,The airport is named in honor of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first President of the modern Turkish republic.
 The more modern is the airport Sabiha Gökçen Airport, 20 kilometers east of the Asiatic side and 45 kilometers east of the European city centre. is one of the airports serving Istanbul, Turkey. The facility is named after Sabiha Gökçen, the world's first female combat pilot. It is on the Asian side of the bicontinental city, Istanbul. It was built because the Atatürk International Airport (on the European side) was not large enough to meet the booming passenger demands (both domestic and international). SAW's international terminal capacity is 3M passengers/year and the domestic terminal capacity is 0.5M/year.

Operation mode

International Flights Terminal consists of three lounges: two operating for departures, A and B, and one for arrivals. Each departure lounge accommodates 11 check-in counters and 4 boarding gates, and arrival section contains 12 passport counters.
Galleries, interconnecting the transformer, VIP buildings and other units of the airport, are located 6 m below the ground.

It features:

  • 3.000.000 passenger/year capacity.
  • CIP and VIP lounges
  • Duty-free shops, bars and cafés, pubs and restaurants
  • Post Office, Bank, Rent-a-Car
  • Offices

Luggage systems

A fully automatic luggage conveyor system to realize all luggage handling processes of the 3,500,000 passengers/year capacity is available. The conveyor system is capable of detecting all kinds of explosives, brought by the passengers or incoming with the luggage.

Atatürk has two passenger terminals, one International and one Domestic (Terminal A and Terminal B), and a Cargo terminal (Terminal C). Inaugurated in 2001, the international terminal is considered one of the most efficient and modern terminals in the world

The Sirkeci Terminal of the Turkish State Railways (TCDD) is the terminating point of all the lines on the European side and the main connection node of the Turkish railway network with the rest of Europe. Currently, international connections are provided by the line running between Istanbul and Thessaloniki, Greece, and the Bosphorus Express serving daily between Sirkeci and Gara de Nord in Bucharest, Romania. Lines to Sofia, Belgrade, Budapest, and Chişinău are established over the Bosphorus Express connection to Bucharest.

Beyond the Bosphorus, the Haydarpaşa Terminal on the Asian side serves lines running several times daily to Ankara, and less frequently to other destinations in Anatolia. The railway networks on the European and Asian sides are currently connected by train ferry across the Bosphorus, which will be replaced by an underwater tunnel connection with the completion of the Marmaray project, expected in 2009, also connecting the metro system.

The E5, E90 and Trans European Motorway (TEM) are the three main motorway connections leading from Europe into Turkey. The motorway network around Istanbul is well developed and is constantly being extended. Motorways lead to Ankara and Edirne. There are also 2 express highways circling the city. The older one called E5 is mostly used for inner city traffic while the more recent TEM highway is mostly used by intercity or intercontinental traffic. The Bosphorus Bridge and the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge establish the motorway connection between the European and the Asian sides of the Boshporus.

The port of Istanbul is the most important in the country. The old port at the Golden Horn serves primarily for personal navigation. Regular services as well as cruises exist to several ports such as Pireaus (Greece) and Greek islands, Dubrovnik (Croatia), Venice, Naples (Italy), Marseille (France), Haifa (Israel) in the Mediterranean Sea, and also Odessa (Ukraine) in Black Sea



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